State Secretary Mike Pompeo said Saturday evening that the U.S. had reimposed U.N. sanctions on Iran, a step intended to be virtually ignored by global allies as well as adversaries. The new move is the new in Tehran’s high-pressure campaign — one that has left the U.S. mostly isolated. It comes after the administration refused to extend, under the Iran nuclear agreement, the conventional arms embargo due to expire next month.
The Trump administration reimposed United Nations sanctions against Iran on Saturday over the strenuous objections of its closest allies. However, the weight of their consequences is uncertain without the support of the other major powers in the world. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo declared in an evening statement the return of virtually all previously terminated U.N. Sanctions. Consequently, the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran declared no longer in force. As a result, the planet will be better, Mr. Pompeo said. He also cautioned that for other countries that do not implement sanctions, the United States is ready to use our domestic authority to impose repercussions. He has not elaborated. The Iranian Ambassador to the United Nations, Majid Takht Ravanchi, minutes after Mr. Pompeo’s comment, said the sanctions were null and void.
The United States requires all U.N. Member States to comply with their commitments to enforce these measures fully. This includes, in addition to the arms embargo, prohibitions such as the ban on Iran engaging in activities related to enrichment and reprocessing, the ban on Iran’s ballistic missile testing and development, and sanctions on the transfer of technology related to nuclear and missile. In a statement, Pompeo said, if the U.N. Member States fail to fulfil their obligations to enforce these sanctions, the United States is prepared to use our domestic authorities to impose repercussions on these violations and ensure that Iran does not benefit from UN-banned activities. Experts told CNN that this unilateral initiative — which comes less than two months before the presidential election — is unlikely to impact weapons sales alone. Some say the move further alienates the U.S. from its E3 allies — Germany, France, and the U.K. — and helps to weaken Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal further.
With comments from Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, this story has been modified. The United States will announce a set of additional measures in the coming days to enhance the enforcement of U.N. sanctions and keep violators accountable, Pompeo said, without offering further information on those measures. Iran urged the Council to block any effort by the U.S. to reimpose international sanctions in a letter to the U.N. Security Council and the U.N. Secretary-General. Given that the declared goal of the United States is to fully dismantle the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and to that end, its tactic is to establish legal problems by offering unilateral subjective interpretations and pseudo-legal claims, the Islamic Republic of Iran assumes that the members of the Security Council will again reject the continued attempt by the United States.
The letter claimed that all three countries would seek to maintain the 2015 deal, which they jointly signed with the United States, China and Russia, to underscore their fundamental opposition, even as Washington worked to kill its last remnants. More than two years ago, the Trump administration withdrew from the deal. We have worked diligently to maintain and remain committed to the nuclear deal, and the letter said, a copy of which was viewed by The New York Times. Also, should former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. win in November, it will be more difficult to reassemble any version of the deal if sanctions are resumed. In response to Mr. Trump’s decision to abandon the deal, Mr. Biden would have to reverse the move, making it seem that he had conceded to Iran even though it had resumed work on its nuclear program.
For Mr. Trump, the sanctions have both a strategic and diplomatic calculus. He ran in 2016, declaring that the Iran agreement was a “terrible” giveaway to the country’s leadership. The move on Saturday would allow him to join the final stretch of the 2020 election announcing he had ruined it and punishing the Iranian economy by resuming sanctions that existed before the Obama administration negotiated the agreement. He also referred to the Twitter news, saying that U.N.S.C. member states continue to maintain that the US is NOT a participant of the J.C.P.O.A. Hence, its snapback assertion is null and void. U.S. is Already in breach of J.C.P.O.A. and Res 2231—swimming against int’l currents would only make it more isolated, he tweeted. In a tweet, Sunday, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said. At the same time, the world claims that sanctions have been restored NO to the Security Council, Pompeo threatens to punish a world that refuses to exist in its parallel universe. He added that President Donald Trump should change tack before Pompeo’s further turns (Make America Great Again) into a global laughing stock.
Experts told CNN that this unilateral initiative — which comes less than two months before the presidential election — is unlikely to impact weapons sales alone. Some say the move further alienates the U.S. from its E3 allies — Germany, France, and the U.K. — and helps to weaken Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal further. The insistence of the Trump administration on reimposing the original U.N. sanctions means that they would be implemented by the United States alone. These rules had been formulated during the Bush and Obama administration to push Tehran into the negotiating table. That raised doubts as to whether the sanctions would bring much, if any, additional economic pain. One Security Council diplomat compared the American saber-rattling to pulling an unloaded weapon’s trigger. When the International Atomic Energy Agency rules, the European Union has its own weapons embargo against Iran that is not scheduled to expire until 2023. It will be possible to lift the European arms embargo faster, but only if the I.A.E.A. officially certifies that all Iranian nuclear activity is peaceful. With comments from Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, this story has been modified.