Childhood obesity is a rising public health issue in the United States and around the world. Childhood obesity rates have risen by 47 percent in both developed and developing nations over the previous 30 years.
Overweight and obesity may lead to a slew of major health issues, including heart disease and diabetes, and scientists are concerned about the long-term impact of childhood obesity on public health.
Adolescence Obesity Can Risk Diabetes In Adults
A new study finds that teens who are obese or overweight are more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes or have a heart attack in their 30s and 40s, confirming what many people already know.
These teens are also more likely to have various health issues later in life, regardless of whether or not they lose any extra weight as they mature.
Adolescence is a critical time for preventing future diabetes and heart attacks, according to study author Dr. Jason Nagata, an associate professor of pediatrics in the division of adolescent and younger adult medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.
Although the precise influence of teenage weight on future health is unknown, risk factors that begin to accumulate at a young age, such as artery hardening or insulin resistance, may be difficult to completely reverse.
The researchers studied data on 12,300 youngsters who had been adopted for twenty-four years as a part of the U.S. Nationwide Longitudinal Examine of Adolescent to Adult Health. The researchers looked at body mass index (BMI) z-scores. BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight, and the z–rating puts it into context depending on a baby’s age and intercourse.
In comparison to teenagers with lower BMI-z scores, adolescents with higher scores had a nearly 9% increased danger of developing type 2 diabetes, a 0.8 percent increased danger of having a coronary heart attack in their 30s and 40s, and a 2.6 percent increased danger of being in general poorer health, regardless of adult BMI. The researchers also controlled for other factors known to influence health outcomes, such as race/ethnicity, cigarette, and alcohol usage.
Nagata believes that parents should encourage their children to acquire healthy habits such as regular physical activity and a well-balanced diet. Doctors must also consider the BMI history of their patients in their assessments, he adds.
The study was published online on June 21 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
The message is clear: people must act sooner, according to Dr. Andrew Freeman, head of cardiovascular prevention and wellness at National Jewish Health in Denver. He is also the co-chair of the American College of Cardiology’s Vitamin & Lifestyle Workgroup.
What they consume when they are young influences what happens to them later in life, according to Freeman, who was not involved in the current study.
Making healthy lifestyle changes may help to halt some of these hazards in their tracks. People should eat low-fat, whole-foods, plant-based diet, since every study ever conducted shows that this way of eating lowers disease and helps people maintain or lose weight, according to Freeman. Daily exercise may also be an important element of a healthy way of living.
Dr. Scott Kahan, director of the National Center for Weight and Wellness in Washington, D.C., said that both parents should encourage healthy routines like family walks and preparing and shopping for healthy meals together.
When children gain weight, take rational and supportive actions to help reduce weight gain and encourage a more healthy way of life, according to Kahan, who was not involved in the current study.
He stated that they are not powerless. Dropping a few pounds, even if only a few, will improve one’s health. They may be able to undo some of the damage that has been done but not fully, according to Kahan.